Difference between revisions of "Ancient Mesopotamia"

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[[es:Antigua Mesopotamia]]
 
[[es:Antigua Mesopotamia]]
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[[fr:L'ancienne Mésopotamie]]
 
<seo title="Ancient Mesopotamia - Marenostrum" titlemode="replace" keywords="Ancient,Mesopotamia,history,humanity"  description="A summary of everything related to the fascinating Ancient Mesopotamia"></seo>
 
<seo title="Ancient Mesopotamia - Marenostrum" titlemode="replace" keywords="Ancient,Mesopotamia,history,humanity"  description="A summary of everything related to the fascinating Ancient Mesopotamia"></seo>
Ancient Mesopotamia was the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in ancient times was the cradle of civilization.
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Talking about Mesopotamia means discovering countless cultures, kings, city-states and wars:
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* [[Sumer|Sumerians]]
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* Acadians
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* Amorites
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* Babylon
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* Assyria
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* Persia
  
Say Mesopotamia means saying a melting pot: Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Babylonia, Assyria, Persia ... and within each culture endless kings, city states and wars.
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Ancient Mesopotamia, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was the cradle of civilization.
 +
In ancient Mesopotamia there were many people, but can be divided into two groups whose relations between the two marked largely the [[History of Ancient Mesopotamia|history of the whole region of Mesopotamia]]: sedentary and nomadic.
  
In ancient Mesopotamia there were many people, but can be divided into two groups: sedentary and nomadic. Relations between the two groups largely marked the history of the whole region of Mesopotamia.
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* The first settlements were Umm, Eridu and the Obeid
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* During the fourth and third millennia BC the [[Sumer|Sumerians]] and Akkadian developed their civilizations in Mesopotamia.
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* Centuries later the Assyrian Empire was one of the most fascinating in ancient history.
 +
* The height of Mesopotamia was not only in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires. During the Arab time Mesopotamia was seat of the caliphate but thereafter began to decline.
  
The Sumerians and Akkadians developed their civilization in Mesopotamia and in the fourth and third millennia BC. Centuries later the Assyrian Empire was one of the most fascinating ancient history, but the height of Mesopotamia was not only in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires. During the Arab period Mesopotamia was seat of the caliphate but thereafter it began to decline.
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Both, culture and technical advances were developed by the Mesopotamians and have transpired and influenced the current European and Western culture and are the origin of our thinking and living:
 +
* Wheel.
 +
* The first cities.
 +
* The use of natural resources.
 +
* The maths.
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* Writing
  
Not only technical advances developed by the peoples of Mesopotamia, as the wheel, the first cities, the use of natural resources Mesopotamia, mathematics or writing etc, but also the culture of Ancient Mesopotamia has transpired and influenced the current Western European culture. Studying Ancient Mesopotamia is to study the origin of our way of thinking and living.
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=Sumer=
 
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[[Sumer]] can be considered as the oldest civilization in the world, in fact it is the first urban civilization known. Probably the Sumerian culture began to take shape in the city of Uruk subsequently spread throughout the rest of Lower Mesopotamia. In this city the wheel appeared around 3500 BC and writing appeared at around 3300 BC This latest development marks the transition between the [[Prehistory]] and History.
Sumeria can be considered as the oldest civilization in the world. Probably the Sumerian culture began to take shape in the city of Uruk later extended throughout the rest of Lower Mesopotamia. In this city the wheel around 3500 BC and writing around 3300 BC appears to The latter event marks the transition between prehistory and history.
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The [[Sumer|Sumerian civilization]] made possible the transition between the urban centers of the Neolithic to the first cities with a complex organization.
  
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=The Akkadian Empire=
 
The Akkadian Empire begins thanks to the conquests of Sargon of Akkad the Great who was the first monarch capable of unifying Ancient Mesopotamia.
 
The Akkadian Empire begins thanks to the conquests of Sargon of Akkad the Great who was the first monarch capable of unifying Ancient Mesopotamia.
  
After a dark period resurfaced after them Sumerian and Amorite dynasties. Would soon begin the First Babylonian Dynasty, with the coming to power of Hammurabi in Babylon.
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=Hammurabi=
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After a dark period resurfaced Sumerian dynasties and after them the Amorites. Soon begin the Babylonian Empire, with the coming to power of Hammurabi in Babylon.
  
 +
=Assyrians=
 
After a period marked by the conquests of the Hittites, the Assyrian culture developed in the region of ancient Mesopotamia between 1800 and 600 aJ They were known for their fighting capacity and great cruelty to the enemy defeated.
 
After a period marked by the conquests of the Hittites, the Assyrian culture developed in the region of ancient Mesopotamia between 1800 and 600 aJ They were known for their fighting capacity and great cruelty to the enemy defeated.
  
Babylon ends defeating the Assyrian and Chaldean empire develops until Persia Cyrus the Great conquered all of Mesopotamia.
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=Persian Invasion=
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Babylon ends defeating the Assyrian and Chaldean empire develops until Persia with Cyrus the Great conquered all Mesopotamia.
  
 
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[[Category:Ancient History]][[Category:Ancient Mesopotamia]]
 
[[Category:Ancient History]][[Category:Ancient Mesopotamia]]

Latest revision as of 23:46, 18 October 2015

no subcategories

Talking about Mesopotamia means discovering countless cultures, kings, city-states and wars:

  • Sumerians
  • Acadians
  • Amorites
  • Babylon
  • Assyria
  • Persia

Ancient Mesopotamia, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was the cradle of civilization. In ancient Mesopotamia there were many people, but can be divided into two groups whose relations between the two marked largely the history of the whole region of Mesopotamia: sedentary and nomadic.

  • The first settlements were Umm, Eridu and the Obeid
  • During the fourth and third millennia BC the Sumerians and Akkadian developed their civilizations in Mesopotamia.
  • Centuries later the Assyrian Empire was one of the most fascinating in ancient history.
  • The height of Mesopotamia was not only in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires. During the Arab time Mesopotamia was seat of the caliphate but thereafter began to decline.

Both, culture and technical advances were developed by the Mesopotamians and have transpired and influenced the current European and Western culture and are the origin of our thinking and living:

  • Wheel.
  • The first cities.
  • The use of natural resources.
  • The maths.
  • Writing

Sumer

Sumer can be considered as the oldest civilization in the world, in fact it is the first urban civilization known. Probably the Sumerian culture began to take shape in the city of Uruk subsequently spread throughout the rest of Lower Mesopotamia. In this city the wheel appeared around 3500 BC and writing appeared at around 3300 BC This latest development marks the transition between the Prehistory and History. The Sumerian civilization made possible the transition between the urban centers of the Neolithic to the first cities with a complex organization.

The Akkadian Empire

The Akkadian Empire begins thanks to the conquests of Sargon of Akkad the Great who was the first monarch capable of unifying Ancient Mesopotamia.

Hammurabi

After a dark period resurfaced Sumerian dynasties and after them the Amorites. Soon begin the Babylonian Empire, with the coming to power of Hammurabi in Babylon.

Assyrians

After a period marked by the conquests of the Hittites, the Assyrian culture developed in the region of ancient Mesopotamia between 1800 and 600 aJ They were known for their fighting capacity and great cruelty to the enemy defeated.

Persian Invasion

Babylon ends defeating the Assyrian and Chaldean empire develops until Persia with Cyrus the Great conquered all Mesopotamia.


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