Ancient Mesopotamia

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Ancient Mesopotamia was the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in ancient times was the cradle of civilization.

Say Mesopotamia means saying a melting pot: Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Babylonia, Assyria, Persia ... and within each culture endless kings, city states and wars.

In ancient Mesopotamia there were many people, but can be divided into two groups: sedentary and nomadic. Relations between the two groups largely marked the history of the whole region of Mesopotamia.

The Sumerians and Akkadians developed their civilization in Mesopotamia and in the fourth and third millennia BC. Centuries later the Assyrian Empire was one of the most fascinating ancient history, but the height of Mesopotamia was not only in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires. During the Arab period Mesopotamia was seat of the caliphate but thereafter it began to decline.

Not only technical advances developed by the peoples of Mesopotamia, as the wheel, the first cities, the use of natural resources Mesopotamia, mathematics or writing etc, but also the culture of Ancient Mesopotamia has transpired and influenced the current Western European culture. Studying Ancient Mesopotamia is to study the origin of our way of thinking and living.

Sumeria can be considered as the oldest civilization in the world. Probably the Sumerian culture began to take shape in the city of Uruk later extended throughout the rest of Lower Mesopotamia. In this city the wheel around 3500 BC and writing around 3300 BC appears to The latter event marks the transition between prehistory and history.

The Akkadian Empire begins thanks to the conquests of Sargon of Akkad the Great who was the first monarch capable of unifying Ancient Mesopotamia.

After a dark period resurfaced after them Sumerian and Amorite dynasties. Would soon begin the First Babylonian Dynasty, with the coming to power of Hammurabi in Babylon.

After a period marked by the conquests of the Hittites, the Assyrian culture developed in the region of ancient Mesopotamia between 1800 and 600 aJ They were known for their fighting capacity and great cruelty to the enemy defeated.

Babylon ends defeating the Assyrian and Chaldean empire develops until Persia Cyrus the Great conquered all of Mesopotamia.


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