Christianity

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1580 Christ Carrying the Cross

Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, the Christ, preached the coming of the Kingdom of God. He puts love for God and neighbor above all other commandments. The fear of the Jewish authorities of the time to his growing influence over the people led him to death on a cross, but rose again to save all men.
The message of Christ spread rapidly throughout the Roman Empire, creating communities mainly in the eastern and especially in large cities among the most disadvantaged social classes. Each community was headed by a bishop and the bishop of Rome and successor of St. Peter is considered superior in rank to other bishops.

It was common for the Roman Empire unload their strength on Christians. So during the third century and early fourth century terrible persecution of Christians who were blamed for the misfortunes of the empire they were lavished.
In 313 religious freedom in the Empire n the year 392 the Emperor Theodosius he decreed declared Christianity as the religion of Roman Empire., Prohibiting other cults


Christ's message has reached our days through the Catholic Church, the Coptic Church, the Protestant Churches the Orthodox Church, and. All of them are known as Christian.

List of the Popes of the Catholic Church, name and year pontificate

S. Pedro up to 64 or 67
Lino S. 68-79
Anacleto S. 80-92
S. Clemente 92-99 or 68-76
Evaristo S. 96-108 99 or
S. Alexander I 108 or 109-116 or 119
I Sixto S. 117 or 119-126 or 128
Telesforo S. 128- 127 or 137 or 138
Higinio S. 138-142 or 149
St. Pius I 142 or 146-157 or 161
Aniceto S. 150 or 157-153 or 168
Sotero S. 168-170 or 162 or 177
S. Eleuterio 171 or 177-185 or 193
St. Victor I 186 or 189-197 or 201
Ceferino S. 198-217 or 218
218-222 S. Calixto I
222-230 S. Urbano I
Ponciano S. 230-235
Antero S. 235-236
Fabian S. 236-250
Cornelio S. 251-253
253-254 S. Lucio I
254-257 S. Stephen I
257-258 S. Sixtus II
S. Dionisio 259-268
Felix S. 269-274 I
S. 275-283 Eutiquiano
Cayo S. 283-296
Marcelino S. 296-304
Marcelo S. 306-309 I
309 S. Eusebio
S. 311-314 Melquiades
314-335 S. Silvestre I
Marcos S. 336
337-352 S. Julius I
Liberius 352-366
366-384 S. Damasus
S. 384-399 Siricius
399-401 S. Anastasio I
S. 401-417 Innocent I
S. 417-418 Zósimo
418-422 S. Bonifacio I
422-432 S. Celestine I
S. Sixtus III 432-440
440-461 S. Leo I
Hilario S. 461-468
468-483 S. Simplicio
S. 483-492 FélixIII OII
S. 492-496 Gelasius I
Anastasio II 496-498
Symmachus 498-514 S.
S. 514-523 Hormisdas
523-526 S. John I
S. 526-530 FélixIV oiii
Bonifacio II 530-532
Juan II Rome 533-535
535-536 S. Agapito I
536-537 S. Silverio
537-555 Vigilio
I Pelagio 556-561
Juan III 561-574
Pope Benedict I 575-579
Pelagius II 579-590
Gregory S. 590-604
Sabiniano 604-606
Bonifacio III 607 ​​
St. Boniface IV 608-615
S. 615-618 Adeodato I
619-625 V Bonifacio
Honorius 625-638
Severino 640
Juan IV 640-642
I Teodoro 642-649
649-655 S. Martin I
654-657 S. Eugenio I
S. Vitaliano 657-672
Adeodato II 672-676
Dono 676-678
S. 678-681 Agathon
St. Leo II 682-683
684-685 S. Benedict II
Juan Syria 685-686 V
Conon 686-687
I Sergio S. 687-701
John VI 701-705
Juan VII 705-707
Syria Sisinio 708
708-715 Constantine
715-731 S. Gregorio II
S. Gregory III 731-741
Zachary S. 741-752
Stephen II (III) 752-757
I S.Pablo 757-767
Esteban III (IV) 768-772
Adriano I 772-795
St. Leo III 795-816
Esteban IV (V) 816-817
817-824 S. Pascual I
Eugenio II 824-827
827 Valentine
Gregory IV 827-844
Sergio II 844-847
St. Leo IV 847-855
Benedict III 855-858
858-867 S. Nicholas I
Adriano II 867-872
Juan VIII 872-882
I
882-884 Marino S.Adriano III 884-885
Esteban V (VI) 885-891
Formoso 891-896
Pope Boniface VI 896
Stephen VI (VII) 896-897
Romano 897
Theodore II 897
Juan IX 898-900
Benedict IV 900-903
Leon V 903
Sergio III 904-911
Anastasio III 911-913
Landon 913-914
John X 914-928
Leo VI 928
EstebanVII (VIII) 929-931
Juan XI 931-936
Leon VII 936-939
Esteban VIII (IX) 939-942
Marino II 942-946
Agapito II 946-955
Juan XII 955-964
Leo VIII 963-965
Benedict 964-965 V
Juan XIII 965-972
Benedict VI 973-974
Benedict VII 974-983
Juan XIV 983-984
Juan XV 985-996
Gregory V 996-999
Sylvester II 999-1003
Juan XVII 1003
Juan XVIII 1003-1009
Sergio IV 1009-1012
Benedict VIII 1012-1024
John XIX 1024-1032
Benedict IX 1032-1044
Silvestre III 1045
Benedict IX 1045
Gregory VI 1045-1046
Clemente II 1046-1047
Benedict IX 1047-1048
Damaso II 1048
St. Leo IX 1049-1054
1055-1057 Victor II
Esteban IX (X) 1057-1058
1059-1061 Nicholas II
Alexander II 1061-1073
VII 1073-1085 S.Gregorio
B. Victor III 1086-1087
B. Urban II 1088-1099
Pascual II 1099-1118
Gelasius II 1118-1119
Calixto II 1119-1124
Honorio II 1124-1130
Innocent II 1130-1143
Celestino II 1143-1144
Lucio II 1144-1145
B. Eugenio III 1145-1153
Anastasio IV 1153-1154
Adriano IV 1154-1159

Alexander III 1159-1181 Lucio III 1181-1185

Urban III 1185-1187 Gregorio VIII 1187
Clemente III 1187-1191
Celestino III 1191-1198
Innocent III 1198-1216
Honorio III 1216-1227
Gregory IX 1227-1241
Celestino IV 1241
Innocent IV 1243-1254
Alexander IV 1254-1261
Urban IV 1261-1264
Clement IV 1265-1268
B. Gregory X 1271-1276
B. Innocent V 1276
Adriano V 1276
John XXI 1276-1277
Nicholas III 1277-1280
Martin IV 1281-1285
Honorius IV 1285-1287
Nicholas IV 1288-1292
S.Celestino V 1294
Boniface VIII 1294-1303
B. Benedict XI 1303-1304
Clement V 1305-1314
John XXII 1316-1334
Benedict XII 1334-1342
Clement VI 1342-1352
Innocent VI 1352-1362
B. Urban V 1362-1370
Gregory XI 1370-1378
Urban VI 1378-1389
Boniface IX 1389-1404
Innocent VII 1404-1406
Gregory XII 1406-1415
Martin V 1417-1431
Eugenio IV 1431-1447
Nicholas V 1447-1455
Calixto III 1455-1458
Pius II 1458-1464
1464-1471 Paul II
Sixtus IV 1471-1484
Innocent VIII 1484-1492
Alexander VI 1492-1503
Pius III 1503
Julius 1503-1513
1513-1521 Leo X
Adrian VI 1522-1523
Clement VII 1523-1534
Paul III 1534-1549
Julius III 1550-1555
Marcelo II 1555
Paul IV 1555-1559
Pius IV 1559-1565
St. Pius V 1566-1572
Gregory XIII 1572-1585
Sixtus V Ancona 1585-1590
Urban VII 1590
Gregory XIV 1590-1591
Innocent IX 1591
Clement VIII 1592-1605
Leo XI 1605
Paul V 1605-1621
Gregory XV 1621-1623
Urban VIII 1623-1644
Innocent X 1644-1655
Alexander VII 1655-1667
Clement IX 1667-1669
Clemente X 1670-1676
B. Innocent XI 1676-1689
Alexander VIII 1689-1691
Innocent XII 1691-1700
Clemente XI 1700-1721
Innocent XIII 1721-1724
Benedict XIII 1724-1730
Clement XII 1730-1740
Benedict XIV
1740-1758 Clement XIII 1758-1769
Clement XIV 1769-1774
Pius VI Cesena 1775-1799
Pius VII 1800-1823 Cesena
Leo XII 1823-1829
Pius VIII 1829-1830
Gregory XVI 1831-1846
B. Pius IX 1846-1878
Leo XIII 1878-1903
St. Pius X 1903-1914
Benedict XV 1914-1922
Pius XI 1922-1939
Pius XII 1939-1958
B. John XXIII 1958-1963
Paul VI 1963-1978
Juan Pablo I 1978
Joh Paul II 1978-2005
Benedict XVI 2005-2013
Francisco 2013-