History of Ancient Mesopotamia

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The history of Ancient Mesopotamia: the evolution from Prehistory until the Persian conquest of the Chaldean Empire.

  • (10000 BC / 8000 BC) is the time of the Natufian culture that stretched from the Euphrates to Egypt.

Neolithic

  • (8000 BC) Neolithic begins to show in Mesopotamia with the earliest evidence of agriculture and livestock.
  • (6000 and 5000 BC.) Livestock and agriculture are fully consolidated in Mesopotamia and the first cities. It is the time of Umm culture, and Hassuna, Samarra and Halaf culture cultures.
  • (5000 and 3700 BC) Eridu culture develops over the years and began the Ubaid period.

For further information see: Neolithic in Mesopotamia

Historical Period

  • (3500 BC / 2800 BC) Appears Uruk, denominating this time as Uruk period. The wheel was invented about 3300 B.C. Cuneiform writting bagan to be used. History starts in the region of Ancient Mesopotamia, while the rest of the world was still in the Prehistory. And culture of Sumerians is distinguished, with city-states as Uruk and Ur.
  • (2800 BC) Sumerian period begins. It is for the first time historical and was called Dynastic Archaic and started the development and splendor of the Sumerian cities in southern Mesopotamia.
  • (2350 BC.) The Akkadian empire starts.
  • (2100 BC.) Resurgence of the Sumerians.
  • (2000 BC.) Rise of the Amorites
  • (1792 BC) Hammurabi in Babylon takes power and begins its expansion by Mesopotamia and its surroundings.
  • (1595 BC.) Babylon was conquered by the Hittites.
  • (1360 BC.) Rise of the Assyrian empire.
  • (612 BC.) Babylonian conquest Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian Empire. Starts Chaldean Empire.
  • (538 BC.) Persia with Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and the Chaldean empire ends.


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