Main Ancient Greek art

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Greece has also influenced Western culture through art. The Greeks were copied and imitated by the Romans and that's how their influence has survived to this day.

Painting in Ancient Greece

Mainly only the paintings on ceramics are preserved. Examples of other Greek painting that has reached our days are few, some murals and mosaics.

The Greek temples and architecture

The main works of architecture of ancient Greece that have reached us are temples. Greek temples were formed by two or three rectangular rooms surrounded by a perimeter porch columns and topped by a gable roof covering the three rooms:

  • Lobby or pronaos, he could stay or not at the temple.
  • Stay principal or ships dedicated to the statue of the corresponding god.
  • Opisthodomos or stay for offerings, which stood in last place.

There were three distinct architectural orders by the forms and proportions of the columns and lintels:

  • Order Doric, whose columns have no bases and capitals are simple, with a curved portion and another straight.
  • Ionic Order, whose columns are based and the capital is decorated with scrolls.
  • Corinthian Order, which is similar to the Ionian, but their capitals are the most elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves.

The sculpture in ancient Greece

Greek sculpture focused on the human body and had a great evolution through the centuries. At first frontality, stiffness, lack of proportion is observed etc but evolved to dominate the sculptural technique first and later providing the sculptures of great expressiveness and realism. During the V century B.C. highlights Phidias, Myron and Polykleitos sculptors, but in the fourth century BC when mastery is achieved with sculptors Lysippus, Scopas and Praxiteles.