The Mycenaean civilization is the cradle of Greek civilization. Arises about 1600 B.C. after the invasion from the mainland of those called "Achaeans". It has been found that they were Greek.
It was a warlike people that adapted to life on the coast. They are the protagonists of the Iliad and Odyssey.
The Mycenaeans adopted characteristics of the Minoan as the palaces, frescoes and writing Linear B, but these palaces were walled and tehy used bronze weapons and chariots.
The main settlements were Mycenae, from which inherited the name, Tiryns and Pylos.
It is not clear how did the Mycenaean civilization decline and end, but one of the most widespread theories is that about 1150 BC It was invaded by another Greek people, the Dorians.
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