Neolithic

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The Neolithic period is the last period of prehistory when the first complex societies appeared. Mankind dominate agriculture and grazing and sits on the ground founding towns and cities.

It all started around 7000 B.C. in Middle East: the current Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Lebanon and Israel. There people began domesticating pigs, sheep, goats, oxen etc and gathering and later grow wheat and barley
. The new instruments that began to appear in the Neolithic were scythes, mortars for grinding grain, hoes ... which initially served to collect and exploit wild cereals but gradually the Neolithic men began to learn how to grow. These instruments appear as polished stone instead of cut.

Around 6000 B.C. Neolithic was already fully developed in the Middle East with towns like Chatal Hüyük in modern Turkey, Hassuna in Mesopotamia, Ras Shamra in Syria or in the current Israeli: Jericho. These towns already have a considerable area, as Jericho with about four hectares, wall and moat and a large circular tower.
This new lifestyle soon spread following several ways: by the Mediterranean, for Central Europe, Africa, India and China.

Another feature that marks the Neolithic is the emergence of pottery and ceramics. Thus constructed containers allowed storing liquids and bringing foods near fire, and cooking. This was a great advantage as it allowed men going away from water sources and storing food. Wicker baskets that led to the invention of the loom were also performed. Textile manufacturing was one of the great achievements of this period.

They began to domesticate animals, like dogs. The pig comes as boar domestication and so on occurred with most current pets.


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