Talk of Mesopotamia means discovering countless cultures, kings, city-states and wars:
Ancient Mesopotamia, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was the cradle of civilization. In ancient Mesopotamia there were many people, but can be divided into two groups whose relations between the two marked largely history of the whole region of Mesopotamia: sedentary and nomadic.
- The first settlements were Umm, Eridu and the Obeid
- During the fourth and third millennia BC the Sumerians and developed Akkadian civilization in Mesopotamia.
- Centuries later the Assyrian Empire was one of the most fascinating ancient history.
- The height of Mesopotamia was not only in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires. During the Arab time Mesopotamia was seat of the caliphate but thereafter began to decline.
Both culture and technical advances developed by the Mesopotamians have transpired and influenced the current European and Western culture are the origin of our thinking and living:
- The first cities.
- The use of natural resources.
- The maths.
Sumeria can be considered as the oldest civilization in the world, in fact it is the first urban civilization known. Probably the Sumerian culture began to take shape in the city of Uruk subsequently spread throughout the rest of Lower Mesopotamia. In this city the wheel around 3500 BC and writing appears at around 3300 BC This latest development marks the transition between the Prehistory and History. The Sumerian civilization made possible the transition between the urban centers of the Neolithic to the first cities with a complex organization.
The Akkadian Empire = = The Akkadian Empire begins thanks to the conquests of Sargon of Akkad the Great who was the first monarch capable of unifying Ancient Mesopotamia.
After a dark period resurfaced Sumerian dynasties and after them the Amorites. Would soon begin the Babylonian Empire, with the coming to power of Hammurabi in Babylon.
After a period marked by the conquests of the Hittites, the Assyrian culture developed in the region of ancient Mesopotamia between 1800 and 600 aJ They were known for their fighting capacity and great cruelty to the enemy defeated.
Babylon ends defeating the Assyrian and Chaldean empire develops until Persia Cyrus the Great conquered all of Mesopotamia.
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