The Neolithic period is the last period of prehistory where the first complex societies appear. The man dominates agriculture and grazing and sits on the ground founding towns and cities.
It all started around 7000 B.C. Middle East: the current Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Lebanon and Israel when they began domesticating pigs, sheep, goats, oxen etc and gathering and later grow wheat and barley
. The new instruments begin to appear in the Neolithic are scythes, mortars for grinding grain, hoes ... which initially served to collect and exploit wild cereals but gradually the Neolithic man began to learn how to grow. These instruments and appear as polished stone instead of cut.
Around 6000 B.C. Neolithic already fully developed in the Middle East with populations Chatal Hüyük in modern Turkey, Hassuna in Mesopotamia, Ras Shamra in Syria or the current in the current Israeli Jericho. These people already have a considerable area, as Jericho with about four hectares, wall and moat and a large circular tower.
This new lifestyle soon spread following several ways: by the Mediterranean, for Central Europe, Africa, India and China.
Another feature that marks the Neolithic is the emergence of pottery and ceramics. Thus they constructed containers and store liquids allowed to bring foods containing fire. This was a great advantage as it allowed men away from water sources and storing food. Wicker baskets that led to the invention of the loom is also performed. Textile manufacturing was one of the great achievements of this period.
They began to domesticate animals, like dogs. The pig domestication comes as boar and so most current pets.
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