Persians and their Empire
The Persians are rooted in nomads and shepherds who lived in north of present-day Iran. About 1400 B.C. they moved south from where they managed eventually evolved and grow an empire.
Organization of the Achaemenid Persian Empire
Aquemenes and especially their descendants forged the Achaemenid Empire that came to dominate from the Indus to Greece and Libya.
The Persians were organized around a king who had no absolute power. The king would achieve the loyalty and fidelity of the nobles (wealthy and powerful families). They preserved the civilization and culture of the peoples they conquered. Persians only created that necessary for the collection of taxes and law enforcement infrastructure. The vast territory was divided into satrapies ruled by a satrap which the king delegated local power so acted as a kingdom. The satrapies were obliged to pay tribute to the king of Persia, hence be known as the king of Persia "king of kings". The army was made up of more than 100,000 men formed by the armies of the satrapies but the elite corps of "immortals" were 10,000 Persian soldiers serving the king.
The Persians worshiped many gods but around the seventh century BC Zarathustra, Zarathustra or Zoroaster preached the existence of a single, all-powerful creator god, Ahura Mazda, and the need for proper moral conduct, creating a new religion, Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism confronting good and evil. The good side support was always required.
- In 614 B.C. Persians and Medes and Babylonians imposed on the Assyrians.
- In 539 B.C. Persia with Ciro conquered Babylon
- In 331 B.C. the Persian Empire fell to the forces of Alexander the Great
- S III A.D. Reorganization of the Empire: Sassanid Empire.
- S VII A.D. Definitive destruction of the Empire at the hands of the Arabs.
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