The Phoenician or Phoenicia
Phoenicia arose on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean around 1200 BC a civilization that bequeathed to us the development of trade, navigating the Mediterranean and the alphabet. The Phoenicians inhabited a narrow strip of land called Canaan (the Phoenicians are also called Canaanites) in today's Libya, Israel and Syria and was an important and compulsory passageway between Mesopotamia and Egypt. The area was mountainous and unfavourable to agriculture. This probably encouraged people to exploit resources that the sea offered.
The Phoenicians expanded their trade routes to the south of the Mediterranean and founded numerous colonies among which was the most important of them: Carthage. To do this they developed navigation techniques that enabled them to control trade in the Mediterranean. His tactics consisted in locating easily defended natural harbors where they founded colonies that allowed them to trade with the local population without enter the territory.
There are virtually no Phoenician archaeological remains in Phoenicia itself. Most are located in the colonies they founded. His greatest legacy is his alphabet, which was amended and adopted by the Greek, Latin alphabets, Cyrillic and Arabic so to some extent we wrote today similar way than the Phoenicians did.
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